Juniper Networks Firefly Perimeter
Stateful Firewall in a Flexible Virtual Machine Format With Rich Connectivity Features Based on Juniper SRX Code
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Network vulnerabilities are just as applicable in a virtualized data center as a traditional one. The virtual infrastructure also introduces new elements that require additional security considerations over and above those required to secure the physical data center. These new challenges demand solutions that integrate seamlessly into virtualized and cloud environments and can provide real-time security for virtual assets.
Firefly Perimeter addresses these aforementioned challenges by extending the capabilities of Juniper Network's award-winning security products to the virtual world, empowering administrators to dynamically deploy and scale firewall protection without compromising on performance, availability and control.
Juniper Networks Firefly Perimeter goes beyond traditional security appliances with a new virtual firewall that is delivered in a virtual machine (VM) form factor and based on Juniper's Junos operating system and SRX Series Services Gateway. Firefly Perimeter delivers scalable, available, and granular security with segmentation capabilities that create clear demarcation between departments, lines of business, user groups and application types as well as rich connectivity features like Network Address Translation (NAT), routing and VPN.
Firefly Perimeter operates deep within the virtualized fabric, offering layers of defense and secure connectivity with multilevel policy controls that safeguard dynamic changes in workloads, traffic and content allowing enterprises and services providers alike to deliver IT services to their internal and external customers securely and efficiently.
Features and Benefits:
Firefly Perimeter is designed to provide firewall protection and apply policies at the VM level. Firefly Perimeter features include:
- Complete firewall with stateful packet processing and application-layer gateway (ALG) features in a flexible virtual machine format
- Rich connectivity features with extensive routing capabilities, NAT, and VPN, based on a powerful Junos OS foundation
- Industry-leading management that leverages Juniper Networks Junos Space Security Director for both physical and virtual firewall configuration, and Junos Space Virtual Director for deployment and monitoring. Junos Space also provides a rich set of APIs, supporting custom integrations with third-party management platforms.
Firefly Perimeter uses two features—zones and policies. The default configuration contains, at a minimum, a "trust" and an "untrust" zone. The trust zone is used for configuration and attaching the internal network to Firefly Perimeter. The untrust zone is commonly used for the untrusted network. To simplify installation and make configuration easier, a default policy is in place that allows traffic originating from the trust zone to flow to the untrust zone. This policy blocks all traffic originating from the untrust zone to the trust zone. A traditional router forwards all traffic without regard to a firewall (session awareness) or policy (origination and destination of a session). Furthermore, because of the virtual nature of Firefly Perimeter, customers can leverage snapshots, cloning, and related technology to streamline maintenance and operational tasks.
High Availability (HA)
Firefly Perimeter provides mission-critical reliability, supporting chassis clustering for both active/active as well as active/ passive modes. This support provides full stateful failover for any connections being processed. In addition, it is possible for the cluster members to span hypervisors. When Firefly Perimeter VMs are configured in a cluster, the VM synchronizes connection/ session state and flow information, IPsec security associations, NAT traffic, address book information, configuration changes, and more. As a result, not only is the session preserved during failover but security is kept intact. In an unstable network, Firefly Perimeter also mitigates link flapping.
Figure 1 shows the HA deployment model. Note: HA is currently only supported on the VMware platform.
Figure 1: Chassis clustering, with the ability to span hypervisors
Traditionally, customers have needed to make a trade-off between scalability and performance. The Firefly Perimeter solution is optimized to leverage multiple virtual CPUs to maximize packet processing and overall throughput in the virtual environment. Each Firefly Perimeter VM also has multiple virtual network interface cards (vNICs), which can be connected to various virtual networks to simultaneously protect multiple zones of similar VMs. Operating from within the virtual fabric, Juniper Networks Firefly Perimeter provides the best of both worlds—strong security with the performance needed in a virtual environment.
Security policies determine if a session can originate in one zone and traverse to another zone. Firefly Perimeter receives packets and keeps track of every session, of every application, and of every user. As a VM moves within a cloud environment, it will still send its packets to Firefly Perimeter for processing and therefore will always be communicating in a secure mode.
In order to optimize the throughput and latency of the combined router and firewall, Junos OS implements session-based forwarding, an innovation that combines the session state information of a traditional firewall and the next-hop forwarding of a classic router into a single operation. With Junos OS, a session that is permitted by the forwarding policy is added to the forwarding table along with a pointer to the next-hop route. Established sessions have a single table lookup to verify that the session has been permitted and to find the next hop. This efficient algorithm improves throughput and lowers latency for session traffic when compared with a classic router that performs multiple table lookups to verify session information and then to find a nexthop route.
Figure 2: Session-based forwarding algorithm
Figure 2 shows the session-based forwarding algorithm. When a new session is established, the session-based architecture within Junos OS verifies that the session is allowed by the forwarding policies. If the session is allowed, Junos OS will look up the nexthop route in the routing table. It then inserts the session and the next-hop route into the session and forwarding table and forwards the packet. Subsequent packets for the established session require a single table lookup in the session and forwarding table, and are forwarded to the egress interface.
Intelligent Management with Consistent Security Policy Across Physical and Virtual Networks
Handling multiple Firefly VMs across different hypervisor hosts and tenants requires a seamless way to centrally manage the VM from provisioning to decommissioning. Workloads must be secured in a consistent manner, and the policies that apply to physical workloads must also apply to virtual workloads, regardless of where they reside.
Junos Space Virtual Director is a smart, comprehensive, and automated VM management application. Administrators can automate the provisioning and resource allocation for Firefly Perimeter VMs, easily scaling them to meet dynamic demand. Firefly Perimeter with Virtual Director also provides insight into the traffic, capacity utilization, and health of the security layer.
Junos Space Security Director offers administrators a simple way to create a series of security policies that will control the traffic from within and in between zones for both physical and virtual firewalls. At the broadest level, all types of traffic can be allowed from any source in security zones to any destination in all other zones without any restrictions. At the narrowest level, policies can be created to allow only one kind of traffic between a specified system in one zone and another specified system in another zone during a scheduled time period.
Firefly Perimeter also includes wizards for firewall, IPsec VPN, NAT, and initial setup to simplify configurations out-of-the-box. Policy based VPNs support more complex security architectures that require dynamic addressing and split tunneling.
Junos Space and the applications which run on it each provide a rich set of APIs for easy integration to third-party custom applications and management platforms, supporting SDN and Network Functions Virtualization (NFV).
Juniper offers firewall services in both physical and virtualized deployments providing deployment choices which best suits your particular use case.
The following table highlights high-level specifications. Please see the product documentation for a complete list.
|Protocols||IP Address Management||Security||SLA, Measurement, and Monitoring||Hypervisors|
Firefly Perimeter supports VMware vSphere 5.0 and 5.1 and KVM CentOS 6.3.
|Firefly Perimeter Scale and Performance|
|Scale (VMware ad KVM)|
|vRAM Required/Instance||2 GB|
|Max Address Books||128|
|Max Policies with Count||1024|
|Max Firewall Sessions||256k|
|Max PAT Sessions (Source NAT with PAT||256k|
|MAC/ARP Table Size||8k|
|Max OSPF Routes||160k|
|Max VRs Supported||5|
|Firewall (UDP 1514B pkts)||4.9 Gbps
|Firewall (IMIX)||1.2 Gbps||242 Mbps|
|Firewall Ramp Rate (TCP)||26K CPS||9K CPS|
|Firewall Latency (512B UDP)||105 MicroSec||482 MicroSec|
|Firewall IPv6 (UDP 512B pkts)||1.7 Gbps||383 Mbps|
|NAT (UDP 1514B pkts)||4.4 Gbps||1 Gbps|
|NAT (IMIX)||1.1 Gbps||240 Mbps|
|NAT Ramp Rate (TCP)||20K CPS||8K CPS|
|IPsec (3DES+SHA1, 1514B)||295 Mbps||241 Mbps|
|IPsec (3DES+SHA1, IMIX)||66 Mbps||33 Mbps|
|IPsec (3DES+SHA1, 64B)||78 kpps||23 kpps|
|IKE Rate (3DES+SHA1, V1 or 2)||2000 Tunnels
Download the Juniper Networks Firefly Perimeter Data Sheet (PDF).